Europe’s Global Linkages and the Impact of the Financial Crisis: Policies for Sustainable Trade, Capital Flows, and Migration
One research output which evolved within the framework of this project has recently attracted wide interest of the Spanish media.
The study The Great Trade Collapse and the Spanish Export Miracle by Peter Eppinger (University of Tübingen), Nicole Meythaler (IAW Tübingen), Marc-Manuel Sindlinger (University of Bonn) and Marcel Smolka (University of Aarhus, Denmark) uses detailed firm level data to analyse the surprisingly positive development of exports within the Spanish manufacturing industry in the years since the global financial crisis of 2008: While the number of Spanish Exporters and Importers did not diminish due to the crisis, exporting firms even increased their international activity to compensate for the weak domestic demand. The study shows that, compared to domestic firms, exporters proved to be more robust to the crisis, they shrank their workforce less and could maintain their productivity level.
Thus, in contrary to popular belief, the Spanish economy did extremely well on international markets and outperformed not only other European countries in economic downturn (such as Italy), but also countries with a much more robust economic performance (such as Germany).
Since July 2013, the EU Commission, based on a mandate from its member states, has been negotiating with the U.S. about a Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP). The negotiations cover a broad range of issues, from bureaucratic rules for customs clearance to market access for services, public procurement, regulatory convergence, and investment protection. The Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) has commissioned the Ifo Institute – Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich (Prof. Gabriel Felbermayr, projectleader), in cooperation with the Institute for Applied Economic Research (IAW) at the University of Tübingen (Prof. Wilhelm Kohler), with carrying out a research project regarding potential impacts of TTIP on third countries. The present study looks at whether and how TTIP could become the basis for an equitable and revised multilateral world trading system.