Migrating foreign skilled workers - missed opportunities for the German labour market? (in German)
Between 2000 and 2020, more than 18 million foreigners migrated to Germany, while at the same time more than 13 million foreigners left the country (excluding refugee migration). The reasons given by the emigrants for their return migration are manifold. About a quarter of the respondents left Germany for professional reasons (unemployment, no suitable employment, lack of recognition of professional qualifications). Another quarter of the emigrations were for reasons of residence law. A lack of social integration is also frequently cited as a reason, while economic or family reasons are less common. In many cases, the departure results from a bundle of different structural and individual factors.
In-company training participation in Baden-Württemberg increased slightly in 2021, but more training positions remained unfilled.
Both the net and gross training company rates increased again in the country from 49% to 52% and from 27% to 29% respectively, while the proportion of companies that did not provide in-house vocational training despite having a training authorization fell slightly from around 27% to around 26%. In Germany and western Germany, however, the net training company rates were four percentage points higher and the unutilized in-company training potential was also around two percentage points lower in each case.
In the 2020/2021 training year, around 28% of the in-company training places on offer in Baden-Württemberg remained unfilled, compared with around 23% in the 2019/2020 training year. At 72%, the filling rate in the state was at roughly the same level as in western Germany (73%).